CDDH(2018)07

last updated on 15/11/2018

STEERING COMMITTEE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS

(CDDH)

__________

Chart of signatures and ratifications of certain treaties

under the responsibility of the CDDH

Introduction

  1. The present document is based on information from the Treaty Office of the Council of Europe. It also contains information supplied by member States during the regular “tour de table” held during the 4th meeting of the DH-SYSC (9-10 November 2017) and the 89th meeting of the CDDH (19-22 June 2018).[1]

  1. The document contains information on the following treaties:

-   Protocol No. 15 to the European Convention on Human Rights (Appendix I below); 

-   Protocol No. 16 to the European Convention on Human Rights (Appendix II below);

-   European Agreement relating to persons participating in proceedings of the European Court of Human Rights (Appendix III below);

-   Council of Europe Convention on Access to Official Documents (Appendix IV below).


APPENDIX I

Chart of signatures and ratifications
of Protocol No. 15 to the European Convention on Human Rights

Protocol No. 15 amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

CETS No. 213

Treaty open for signature by the High Contracting Parties to Treaty ETS 005

Opening for signature

Place: Strasbourg

Date : 24/06/2013

Entry into force

Conditions: Ratification by Parties to Treaty ETS 005.

Date : //

Status as of: 15/11/2018 (as it appears on the Treaty Office website)

Total number of signatures not followed by ratifications

2

Total number of ratifications/accessions

45

Member States of the Council of Europe

Signature

Ratification

Entry into Force

Notes

R.

D.

A.

T.

C.

O.

Albania

11/02/2014

17/12/2015 

Andorra

24/06/2013

27/05/2015 

Armenia

24/06/2013

30/08/2016

Austria

25/06/2013

19/10/2017

Azerbaijan

18/12/2013

03/07/2014 

Belgium

07/10/2013

04/04/2018

Bosnia and Herzegovina

11/05/2018

Bulgaria

05/11/2013

11/01/2016 

Croatia

12/07/2016

09/01/2018

Cyprus

24/06/2013

16/06/2015 

Czech Republic

05/11/2013

18/03/2015 

Denmark

24/06/2013

22/07/2016

T.

Estonia

22/10/2013

30/04/2014 

Finland

24/06/2013

17/04/2015 

France

24/06/2013

03/02/2016 

Georgia

19/06/2014

06/07/2015 

Germany

24/06/2013

15/04/2015 

Greece

02/03/2017

05/10/2018

Hungary

09/07/2015

30/11/2015 

Iceland

09/07/2013

03/07/2017

Ireland

24/06/2013

24/06/2013 s

Italy

24/06/2013

Latvia  

09/05/2017

04/12/2017

Liechtenstein

24/06/2013

26/11/2013 

Lithuania

10/06/2014

02/09/2015 

Luxembourg

24/06/2013

21/12/2017

Malta

16/01/2018

16/01/2018

Monaco

13/11/2013

13/11/2013 

Montenegro

08/11/2013

08/11/2013 s

Netherlands

22/10/2013

01/10/2015 

T.

Norway

24/06/2013

17/06/2014 

Poland

09/04/2014

10/09/2015 

Portugal

24/06/2013

16/01/2017

Republic of Moldova

18/11/2013

14/08/2014 

Romania

24/06/2013

28/05/2015 

Russian Federation

19/09/2016

25/09/2017

San Marino

24/06/2013

06/11/2013 

Serbia

13/12/2013

29/05/2015 

Slovak republic

24/06/2013

07/02/2014 

Slovenia  

24/06/2013

04/07/2017

Spain

24/06/2013

20/09/2018

 D.

Sweden

25/06/2013

29/03/2016

Switzerland

20/03/2015

15/07/2016

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”

21/11/2013

16/06/2016

Turkey

13/09/2013

02/05/2016

Ukraine

20/06/2014

22/03/2018

United Kingdom

24/06/2013

10/04/2015 

International Organisations

Signature

Ratification

Entry into Force

Notes

R.

D.

A.

T.

C.

O.

European Union

Notes:

a: Accession; s: Signature without reservation as to ratification; su: Succession; r: Signature “ad referendum”.

R.: Reservations; D.: Declarations, Denunciations, Derogations; A.: Authorities; T.: Territorial Application; C.: Communication; O.: Objection.


Information received by 15 November 2018 (bilingual)

BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA /
BOSNIE-
HERZEGOVINE

Activities with a view to signing and ratifying Protocols No. 15 and No. 16 have been accelerated. Two ministries are in charge of the process: the Ministry of Human Rights and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Bosnia and Herzegovina signed Protocol No. 15 on 11 May 2018.

ITALY / ITALIE

La loi de ratification des Protocoles nos 15 et 16 est déjà adoptée par le Parlement et doit encore être soumise au Sénat.

*  *  *


APPENDIX II

Chart of signatures and ratifications
of Protocol No. 16 to the European Convention on Human Rights

Protocol No. 16 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

CETS No. 214

Treaty open for signature by the High Contracting Parties to Treaty ETS 005

Opening for signature

Place: Strasbourg

Date : 02/10/2013

Entry into force

Conditions: 10 Ratifications.

Date : 01/08/2018

Status as of: 15/11/2018 (as it appears on the Treaty Office website)

Total number of signatures not followed by ratifications

12

Total number of ratifications/accessions

10

Member States of the Council of Europe

Signature

Ratification

Entry into Force

Notes

R.

D.

A.

T.

C.

O.

Albania

24/11/2014

22/07/2015 

01/08/2018

 A.

Andorra

12/04/2018

Armenia

02/10/2013

31/01/2017

01/08/2018

 A.

Austria

Azerbaijan

Belgium

08/11/2018

Bosnia and Herzegovina

11/05/2018 

Bulgaria

Croatia

Cyprus

Czech Republic

Denmark

Estonia  

17/02/2014

31/08/2017

01/08/2018

 A.

Finland

02/10/2013

07/12/2015 

01/08/2018

 A.

France

02/10/2013

12/04/2018

01/08/2018

 A.

Georgia

19/06/2014

06/07/2015 

01/08/2018

 A.

Germany

Greece

02/03/2017

Hungary

Iceland

Ireland

Italy

02/10/2013

Latvia  


Signature

Ratification

Entry into Force

Notes

R.

D.

A.

T.

C.

O.

Liechtenstein

Lithuania

10/06/2014

02/09/2015 

01/08/2018

 A.

Luxembourg

06/09/2018

Malta

Monaco

Montenegro

Netherlands

07/11/2013

Norway

27/06/2014

Poland

Portugal

Republic of Moldova

03/03/2017

Romania

14/10/2014

 A.

Russian Federation

San Marino

02/10/2013

16/02/2015 

 01/08/2018

 A.

Serbia

Slovak Republic

02/10/2013

Slovenia  

02/10/2013

26/03/2015 

 01/08/2018

 A.

Spain

Sweden

Switzerland

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Turkey

20/12/2013

Ukraine

20/06/2014

 22/03/2018

 01/08/2018

 A.

United Kingdom

International Organisations

Signature

Ratification

Entry into Force

Notes

R.

D.

A.

T.

C.

O.

European Union

Notes:

a: Accession; s: Signature without reservation as to ratification; su: Succession; r: Signature “ad referendum”.

R.: Reservations; D.: Declarations, Denunciations, Derogations; A.: Authorities; T.: Territorial Application; C.: Communication; O.: Objection.


Information received by 15 November 2018 (bilingual)

ANDORRA / ANDORRE

Andorra signed Protocol No. 16 on 12 April 2018.

AUSTRIA / AUTRICHE

No information available.

AZERBAIJAN / AZERBAIDJAN

Consultations between all stakeholders (Supreme Court, Ministry of Justice and Constitutional Court) are taking place. These consultations also address the possibility to make certain amendments to the national legislation to this end.

BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
/
BOSNIE-
HERZEGOVINE

Protocol No. 16 was signed on 11 May 2018.

BULGARIA / BULGARIE

La ratification du Protocole n° 16, qui met en place un dialogue judiciaire qui n’a pas de caractère contraignant, n’est pas à l’ordre du jour. Cela n’affectera pas la façon dont la Bulgarie applique la Convention.

CROATIA / CROATIE

Croatia is not considering the signature of Protocol No. 16 at this stage.

CYPRUS / CHYPRE

Cyprus has neither signed nor ratified Protocol No. 16 and does not intend to do so for the time being, mainly due to the judiciary’s concerns.

CZECH REPUBLIC / REPUBLIQUE TCHEQUE

La première consultation des juridictions suprêmes a mis en avant des questions et difficultés liées à la répartition des compétences entre ces dernières. Le processus sera relancé en vue d’examiner la possibilité de signature et de ratification.

DENMARK / DANEMARK

The Danish government has no concrete plans to ratify Protocol No. 16 at this stage.

GERMANY / ALLEMAGNE

The consultation process on Protocol No. 16 has been completed. At present, Germany does not envisage the signature or the ratification of this optional Protocol.

GREECE / GRECE

La Grèce a signé le Protocole n16 le 2 mars 2017. La finalisation de la ratification n’est pas encore envisageable.

HUNGARY / HONGRIE

Consultations are underway but the situation is not promising at present (consultations with foreign supreme courts were not conclusive). The ratification of Protocol No. 16 is not on the agenda.

ICELAND / ISLANDE

Iceland is initiating domestic legislation procedures for signature and ratification of Protocol No. 16. The Government is waiting for the advice of the Supreme Court on this question.

IRELAND / IRLANDE

Currently no steps have been taken towards the ratification of Protocol No. 16. Ireland wishes to see how it will work in practice; it has concerns about the Protocol’s impact on the caseload of the Court.

ITALY / ITALIE

L’Italie a signé le Protocole n16 le 2 octobre 2013 et a l’intention de le ratifier. La loi de ratification des Protocoles nos 15 et 16 est déjà adoptée par le Parlement et doit encore être soumise au Sénat.

LATVIA / LETTONIE

The courts are still very hesitant. The signature of Protocol No. 16 is still under consideration.

LIECHTENSTEIN

Liechtenstein has not signed Protocol No. 16 yet. Liechtenstein was a strong supporter of it during the drafting process. With regard to the ratification of the Protocol, the evaluation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs is a very positive one. This positive evaluation may be confirmed by the Ministry of Justice, but consultations are still on-going. It is expected that the ratification process will be concluded in the near future.

MALTA / MALTE

No information available.

MONACO

Aucune décision n'a encore été prise sur une éventuelle signature et ratification.

MONTENEGRO

This issue is under consideration in domestic law.

NETHERLANDS / PAYS-BAS

The draft bill on the ratification of Protocol No. 16 is currently pending before the Senate. The Government will soon submit its reply to the Senate’s written questions. After approval by the Senate the Protocol will be ready for ratification.

NORWAY / NORVEGE

Protocol No. 16 was signed on 27 June 2014. The ratification procedure of Protocol No. 16 was stopped by the Ministry of Justice. Norway does not plan to ratify Protocol No. 16 at this stage.

POLAND / POLOGNE

The Government has consulted the highest courts, the administration, the national Council of the Judiciary and legal professions. However, the entry into force of the Protocol will require substantial legislative changes. Therefore, the Government is now analysing the scope of the necessary amendments to the civil, criminal and administrative procedures. For the moment, the ratification of the Protocol is not on the agenda. In addition, the Supreme Administrative Court pointed out certain serious problems related to the question of languages. Namely, the fact that advisory opinions of the Court, issued either in English or in French, could be contrary to the Polish regulations and even to constitutional ones related to the use, in domestic procedures, of judgments or rulings in foreign languages, even if translated.

PORTUGAL

L’Etat portugais réfléchit encore quant à la position à adopter. L’application du modèle prévu au niveau interne suscite quelques questions. La ratification n’est pas prévue pour l’instant.

REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA/ REPUBLIQUE DE MOLDOVA

Protocol No. 16 was signed on 3 March 2017.

ROMANIA / ROUMANIE

La Roumanie a signé le Protocole n16 le 14 octobre 2014. Pour pouvoir le ratifier, une modification législative est requise et nécessite du temps. Le projet de loi de ratification est toujours en cours de rédaction et les autorités compétentes analysent des détails techniques.  

RUSSIAN FEDERATION / FEDERATION DE RUSSIE

Aucune procédure n’a été engagée car, à ce stade, la question d'adhésion de la Fédération de Russie à cet instrument ne se pose pas.

SERBIA / SERBIE

The signature of Protocol No. 16 is still under consideration.

SLOVAK REPUBLIC / REPUBLIQUE SLOVAQUE

Le Protocole n16 a été signé le 2 octobre 2013. Le Protocole n’a pas encore été ratifié. Par le biais d’une résolution du gouvernement de la République slovaque, le Ministre de la Justice a été chargé de la préparation des projets d’amendements requis pour la mise en œuvre du Protocole. Deux amendements du Code de procédure civile et de procédure administrative sont déjà entrés en vigueur.  

SPAIN / ESPAGNE

Spain has not yet signed Protocol No. 16. The question is still under consideration because there are problems concerning the competencies of the highest courts and the need to accommodate all procedures. Several doubts remain regarding the compatibility with the internal system in Spain.

SWEDEN / SUEDE

Sweden does not envisage ratification at this stage. It prefers to see how the system will operate in practice and what effects it will have on the workload of the Court.

SWITZERLAND / SUISSE

Pour l’instant, ce n’est pas une priorité politique. Par ailleurs, la question de la valeur ajoutée de la ratification de cet instrument a été soulevée par des juridictions.

“THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA” / “L’EX-RÉPUBLIQUE YOUGOSLAVE DE MACÉDOINE”

Protocol No. 16 is on the agenda at present and “The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” expects to sign it soon. The national authorities are working towards its ratification.

TURKEY / TURQUIE

Le Protocole a été signé le 20 décembre 2013. Le processus de ratification est encore en cours.

UNITED KINGDOM / ROYAUME-UNI

The United Kingdom has long taken the position that it does not oppose advisory opinions in principle so long as they are optional, but equally has expressed itself as unconvinced of their value, particularly for addressing the fundamental problems facing the Court and the Convention system. The United Kingdom will therefore neither sign nor ratify Protocol No. 16 at this time. It will instead observe how the system operates in practice, having regard particularly to the effect on the workload of the Court, and to how the Court approaches the giving of opinions.

*  *  *


APPENDIX III

Chart of signatures and ratifications
of the European Agreement relating to persons participating

in proceedings of the European Court of Human Rights

European Agreement relating to persons participating in proceedings of the European Court of Human Rights

CETS No. 161

Treaty open for signature by the member States of the Council of Europe

Opening for signature

Place: Strasbourg

Date : 05/03/1996

Entry into force

Conditions: 10 Ratifications.

Date : 01/01/1999

Status as of: 15/11/2018 (as it appears on the Treaty Office website)

Total number of signatures not followed by ratifications

1

Total number of ratifications/accessions

40

Member States of the Council of Europe

Signature

Ratification

Entry into Force

Notes

R.

D.

A.

T.

C.

O.

Albania

21/09/2000

26/02/2003 

01/04/2003

Andorra

24/11/1998

24/11/1998 

01/01/1999

Armenia

Austria

07/05/1999

10/01/2001 

01/03/2001

Azerbaijan

Belgium

19/06/1997

29/06/2000 

01/08/2000

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bulgaria

03/07/2000

31/05/2001 

01/07/2001

D.

Croatia

26/01/1998

02/12/1999 

01/02/2000

D.

Cyprus

12/01/1999

09/02/2000 

01/04/2000

Czech Republic

10/10/1997

24/06/1998 

01/01/1999

D.

Denmark

05/03/1996

28/08/1998 

01/01/1999

Estonia

19/05/2000

09/01/2012 

01/03/2012

D.

Finland

19/06/1998

23/12/1998 

01/02/1999

France

31/03/1998

17/11/1998 

01/01/1999

R.

D.

Georgia

10/05/2001

10/05/2001 s

01/07/2001

D.

Germany

23/10/1996

11/09/2001 

01/11/2001

Greece

26/06/1996

07/02/2005 

01/04/2005

D.

Hungary

06/05/1997

01/04/1998 

01/01/1999

D.

Iceland

27/06/1996

04/11/1998 

01/01/1999

Ireland

03/06/1998

07/05/1999 

01/07/1999

Italy

05/03/1996

06/03/1998 

01/01/1999

D.

Latvia

31/01/2006

27/07/2006 

01/09/2006

D.

Liechtenstein

21/01/1999

21/01/1999 s

01/03/1999

D.

Lithuania

11/02/2000

18/02/2003 

01/04/2003

Luxembourg

05/03/1996

12/03/1999 

01/05/1999

Malta

03/11/1998

05/02/2015 

01/04/2015

D.

Monaco

19/03/2007

19/03/2007 

01/05/2007

D.

Montenegro

Netherlands

02/05/1996

21/01/1997 

01/01/1999

T.

Norway

12/12/2001

12/12/2001 s

01/02/2002

Poland

02/04/2008

06/12/2012 

01/02/2013

R.

D.

Portugal

29/04/1997

11/04/2018

01/06/2018

Republic of Moldova

04/05/1998

08/11/2001 

01/01/2002

R.

D.

Romania

28/05/1998

09/04/1999 

01/06/1999

Russian Federation

San Marino

07/09/1998

28/08/2015 

01/10/2015

Serbia

Slovak Republic

04/09/2002

21/05/2003 

01/07/2003

D.

Slovenia

07/05/1999

29/11/2001 

01/01/2002

Spain

24/01/2000

19/01/2001 

01/03/2001

D.

Sweden

30/04/1996

30/09/1998 

01/01/1999

Switzerland

27/08/1998

27/08/1998 s

01/01/1999

D.

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”

16/11/1998

Turkey

03/07/2002

06/10/2004 

01/12/2004

D.

Ukraine

22/05/2003

04/11/2004 

01/01/2005

United Kingdom

27/10/1999

09/11/2001 

01/01/2002

A.

Notes:

a: Accession; s: Signature without reservation as to ratification; su: Succession; r: Signature “ad referendum”.

R.: Reservations; D.: Declarations, Denunciations, Derogations; A.: Authorities; T.: Territorial Application; C.: Communication; O.: Objection.


APPENDIX IV

Chart of signatures and ratifications of

Council of Europe Convention on Access to Official Documents

Council of Europe Convention on Access to Official Documents

CETS No. 205

Treaty open for signature by the member States and for accession by non-member States and by any international organisation

Opening for signature

Place: Tromsø

Date : 18/06/2009

Entry into force

Conditions: 10 Ratifications.

Date : //

Status as of: 15/11/2018 (as it appears on the Treaty Office website)

Total number of signatures not followed by ratifications

6

Total number of ratifications/accessions

9

Member States of the Council of Europe

Signature

Ratification

Entry into Force

Notes

R.

D.

A.

T.

C.

O.

Albania

Andorra

Armenia

Austria

Azerbaijan

Belgium

 18/06/2009

Bosnia and Herzegovina

 01/09/2010

 31/01/2012

Bulgaria

Croatia

Cyprus

Czech Republic

Denmark

Estonia  

18/06/2009

28/01/2016

Finland

18/06/2009

05/02/2015

France

Georgia

18/06/2009

Germany

Greece

Hungary

 18/06/2009

05/01/2010

 D.

Iceland

Ireland

Italy

Latvia  

Liechtenstein

Lithuania

18/06/2009

26/07/2012

D.

Luxembourg

Malta

Monaco

Montenegro

 18/06/2009

23/01/2012

Netherlands

Norway

18/06/2009

11/09/2009

D.

Poland

Portugal

Republic of Moldova

21/12/2010

02/09/2016

Romania

Russian Federation

San Marino

Serbia

 18/06/2009

Slovak Republic

Slovenia  

18/06/2009

Spain

Sweden

 18/06/2009

19/04/2010

R.

Switzerland

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

 18/06/2009

Turkey

Ukraine

12/04/2018

United Kingdom

Notes:

a: Accession; s: Signature without reservation as to ratification; su: Succession; r: Signature “ad referendum”.

R.: Reservations; D.: Declarations, Denunciations, Derogations; A.: Authorities; T.: Territorial Application; C.: Communication; O.: Objection.

*  *  *



[1]  It is recalled that, at its 84th meeting (7-11 December 2015, CDDH(2015)R84, § 10), the CDDH decided to entrust the DH-SYSC with the systematic follow-up on the prospects of signatures and ratifications of Protocols Nos. 15 and 16 to the Convention as well as the follow-up on the European Agreement relating to Persons Participating in Proceedings of the European Court of Human Rights and specified that, in addition to requests for information of experts concerned, awareness-raising actions could be envisaged to reach a higher number of signatures and ratifications of these instruments.