Landscape mosaics

Thoughts and proposals for the implementation of the European Convention of the Council of Europe

17.06.2021

Contents

Preface

Chapter 1.   Towards a grammar for European landscapes – Valerio di Battista

Introduction

1. Methodological references

2. Methodological guidelines

Conclusions

Chapter 2.   Design agricultural landscapes for a sustainable and harmonious development of the territories – Régis Ambroise

Introduction

                     1. Landscape and agriculture, a long story

2. The contribution of landscape to agriculture

3. Diagnosis and agro-ecological and territorial project

                     Conclusion

Chapter 3.   The landscape of rural territories in energy, agricultural and demographic transition – Patrice Collignon

                     Introduction

1. Rural landscapes in energy transition

2. Rural landscapes in agricultural transition

3. Rural landscapes in demographic transition

4. Rural landscapes in digital transition

                     Conclusions

Chapter 4.   Experiences of rural landscape

                     1. The Landscape Observatory of Tuscany – Mauro Agnoletti

                     2. The “Manifesto for the beauty of rural landscapes” – Carmine Nardone

Chapter 5.    Urbanisation, town planning and landscape – Jean Noël Consalès

Introduction

1. Urbanisation, urbanism and landscape: the elements of a complex equation

2. The negative effects of urbanisation and contemporary urbanism on landscape

3.Landscape as the foundation, means and purpose of a new type of urbanism

4.Ten principles for a new, landscape-based urbanism

Conclusion

Chapter 6.   A review of integrated approaches for landscape monitoring – Felix Kienast

Introduction

1. Theoretical background

2. The principles of landscape observatories and monitoring

3. Presentation of selected landscape observatories and monitoring

4. Proposing a typology of landscape monitoring

5. Key factors for successful implementation of landscape monitoring

6. Future challenges for landscape monitoring

Conclusion

Chapter 7.      Experiences of public funds concerning the landscape – Barry Hynes, Valentin Riehm, Maguelonne Déjeant-Pons, with the contribution of Enrico Buergi

Introduction

1. Austria: The Landscape Development Funds

2. France: The French Fund for the Global Environment

The Heritage Foundation

3. Ireland: The Heritage Council

4. Latvia: The Latvian environmental investment fund

5. Poland: The National Fund for environmental protection and water management

6. Switzerland: The Swiss Landscape Fund

7. United Kingdom: The National Heritage Memorial Fund; The Heritage Lottery Fund

8. Canada: The Environmental Damages Fund

The National Wetland Conservation Fund

9. United States: The Landscape Conservation Initiatives

Chapter 8.   Landscape and responsibility – Yves Luginbühl

Introduction

1. The concept of responsibility

2. Responsibility and landscape

3. Towards shared responsibility

4. Responsibility, landscape and well-being

Conclusions

Chapter 9.   Urban landscapes and climate change: the contribution of Landscape Architects to improve the quality of life – Michael Oldham,with the contribution of Ana Luengo, Niek Hazendonk, Leor Lovinger, Indra Purs

Introduction

1. Quality of life in towns and cities – science-based studies

2.   Landscape-based solutions

3.   Learning from landscape

4.   Opportunities and issues

Conclusion

Chapter 10. Professional recognition of landscape architects – Michael Oldham

Introduction

1. National and international professional bodies and global recognition

2. Landscape architecture professional training and practice

3. Professional recognition

4. Investment in landscape

Conclusion

Chapter 11. Dry stone in the landscape, ancestral and innovative, for sustainable territories – Claire Cornu

Introduction

1. Dry stone: timeless and universal

2. Dry stone has an effect on the three pillars of sustainability

3. A range of uses for this building method

Conclusions

Chapter 12. Walking the landscape – Gerhard Ermischer

Introduction

1.  A short history of walking

2.  From walking to hiking, the effects of industrialisation

3.  The development of hiking organisations

4.  Walking the landscape: an impression

5.  Walking the industrial landscape

6.  Walking the urban landscape

7.  Organised walking of the landscape

Conclusion

Chapter 13. Forms of thought and spirituality in certain traditional places and cultures of the world – Klaus Fürst-Elmecker

Introduction

1. Waldviertel region in Austria

2. Songlines in Australia

3. Ise in Japan

4. The five elements in traditional Chinese culture

Conclusion

Chapter 14. Landscape and responsibility of stakeholders for sustainable and harmonious development – Régis Ambroise

Introduction

1. Landscape approaches and responsibility of stakeholders

2. Landscape and sectoral policies

Conclusion