Landscape mosaics

Thoughts and proposals for the implementation of the European Convention of the Council of Europe




Chapter 1.   Towards a grammar for European landscapes – Valerio di Battista


1. Methodological references

2. Methodological guidelines


Chapter 2.   Design agricultural landscapes for a sustainable and harmonious development of the territories – Régis Ambroise


                     1. Landscape and agriculture, a long story

2. The contribution of landscape to agriculture

3. Diagnosis and agro-ecological and territorial project


Chapter 3.   The landscape of rural territories in energy, agricultural and demographic transition – Patrice Collignon


1. Rural landscapes in energy transition

2. Rural landscapes in agricultural transition

3. Rural landscapes in demographic transition

4. Rural landscapes in digital transition


Chapter 4.   Experiences of rural landscape

                     1. The Landscape Observatory of Tuscany – Mauro Agnoletti

                     2. The “Manifesto for the beauty of rural landscapes” – Carmine Nardone

Chapter 5.    Urbanisation, town planning and landscape – Jean Noël Consalès


1. Urbanisation, urbanism and landscape: the elements of a complex equation

2. The negative effects of urbanisation and contemporary urbanism on landscape

3.Landscape as the foundation, means and purpose of a new type of urbanism

4.Ten principles for a new, landscape-based urbanism


Chapter 6.   A review of integrated approaches for landscape monitoring – Felix Kienast


1. Theoretical background

2. The principles of landscape observatories and monitoring

3. Presentation of selected landscape observatories and monitoring

4. Proposing a typology of landscape monitoring

5. Key factors for successful implementation of landscape monitoring

6. Future challenges for landscape monitoring


Chapter 7.      Experiences of public funds concerning the landscape – Barry Hynes, Valentin Riehm, Maguelonne Déjeant-Pons, with the contribution of Enrico Buergi


1. Austria: The Landscape Development Funds

2. France: The French Fund for the Global Environment

The Heritage Foundation

3. Ireland: The Heritage Council

4. Latvia: The Latvian environmental investment fund

5. Poland: The National Fund for environmental protection and water management

6. Switzerland: The Swiss Landscape Fund

7. United Kingdom: The National Heritage Memorial Fund; The Heritage Lottery Fund

8. Canada: The Environmental Damages Fund

The National Wetland Conservation Fund

9. United States: The Landscape Conservation Initiatives

Chapter 8.   Landscape and responsibility – Yves Luginbühl


1. The concept of responsibility

2. Responsibility and landscape

3. Towards shared responsibility

4. Responsibility, landscape and well-being


Chapter 9.   Urban landscapes and climate change: the contribution of Landscape Architects to improve the quality of life – Michael Oldham,with the contribution of Ana Luengo, Niek Hazendonk, Leor Lovinger, Indra Purs


1. Quality of life in towns and cities – science-based studies

2.   Landscape-based solutions

3.   Learning from landscape

4.   Opportunities and issues


Chapter 10. Professional recognition of landscape architects – Michael Oldham


1. National and international professional bodies and global recognition

2. Landscape architecture professional training and practice

3. Professional recognition

4. Investment in landscape


Chapter 11. Dry stone in the landscape, ancestral and innovative, for sustainable territories – Claire Cornu


1. Dry stone: timeless and universal

2. Dry stone has an effect on the three pillars of sustainability

3. A range of uses for this building method


Chapter 12. Walking the landscape – Gerhard Ermischer


1.  A short history of walking

2.  From walking to hiking, the effects of industrialisation

3.  The development of hiking organisations

4.  Walking the landscape: an impression

5.  Walking the industrial landscape

6.  Walking the urban landscape

7.  Organised walking of the landscape


Chapter 13. Forms of thought and spirituality in certain traditional places and cultures of the world – Klaus Fürst-Elmecker


1. Waldviertel region in Austria

2. Songlines in Australia

3. Ise in Japan

4. The five elements in traditional Chinese culture


Chapter 14. Landscape and responsibility of stakeholders for sustainable and harmonious development – Régis Ambroise


1. Landscape approaches and responsibility of stakeholders

2. Landscape and sectoral policies