Convention on the Conservation

of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats

Standing Committee

Resolution No. 4 (1996) listing endangered natural habitats requiring specific conservation measures

(Adopted by the Standing Committee on 6 December 1996)

The Standing Committee of the Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats, acting under the terms of Article 14 of the convention,

Having regard to its Resolution No. 1 (1989) on the provisions relating to the conservation of habitats,

Having regard to its Recommendation No. 14 (1989) on species habitat conservation and on the conservation of endangered natural habitats,

Acknowledging that for Contracting Parties which are Member States of the European Union the list of natural habitats requiring specific conservation measures corresponds to Annex I of the Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora,

Resolves to update periodically Annex I to this resolution.


Revised Annex I to Resolution 4 (1996) of the Bern Convention

on endangered natural habitat types using the EUNIS habitat classification

(Adopted by the Standing Committee on 5 December 2014)

ENDANGERED NATURAL HABITAT TYPES


EUNIS code

EUNIS name

A

Marine habitats

A1.11

Mussel and/or barnacle communities

A1.141

Association with Lithophyllum byssoides

A1.22

Mussels and fucoids on moderately exposed shores

A1.44

Communities of littoral caves and overhangs

A2.2

Littoral sand and muddy sand

A2.3

Littoral mud

A2.4

Littoral mixed sediments

A2.5

Coastal saltmarshes and saline reedbeds

A2.61

Seagrass beds on littoral sediments

A2.621

Eleocharis beds

A2.72

Littoral mussel beds on sediment

A3

Infralittoral rock and other hard substrata

A4

Circalittoral rock and other hard substrata

A5

Sublittoral sediment

A6.911

Seeps in the deep-sea bed

B

Coastal habitats

B1.1

Sand beach driftlines

B1.3

Shifting coastal dunes

B1.4

Coastal stable dune grassland (grey dunes)

B1.5

Coastal dune heaths

B1.6

Coastal dune scrub

B1.7

Coastal dune woods

B1.8

Moist and wet dune slacks

B1.9

Machair

B2.1

Shingle beach driftlines

B2.3

Upper shingle beaches with open vegetation

B3.24

Unvegetated Baltic rocky shores and cliffs

B3.3

Rock cliffs, ledges and shores, with angiosperms

C

Inland surface waters

C1.1

Permanent oligotrophic lakes, ponds and pools

C1.222

Floating Hydrocharis morsus-ranae rafts

C1.223

Floating Stratiotes aloides rafts

C1.224

Floating Utricularia australis and Utricularia vulgaris colonies

C1.225

Floating Salvinia natans mats

C1.226

Floating Aldrovanda vesiculosa communities

C1.24113

Transylvanian hot-spring lotus beds

C1.2416

Nelumbo nucifera beds

C1.25

Charophyte submerged carpets in mesotrophic waterbodies

C1.32

Free-floating vegetation of eutrophic waterbodies

C1.33

Rooted submerged vegetation of eutrophic waterbodies

C1.3411

Ranunculus communities in shallow water

C1.3413

Hottonia palustris beds in shallow water

C1.4

Permanent dystrophic lakes, ponds and pools

C1.5

Permanent inland saline and brackish lakes, ponds and pools

C1.66

Temporary inland saline and brackish waters

C1.67

Turlough and lake-bottom meadows

C2.111

Fennoscandian mineral-rich springs and springfens 

C2.12

Hard water springs

C2.18

Acid oligotrophic vegetation of spring brooks

C2.19

Lime-rich oligotrophic vegetation of spring brooks

C2.1A

Mesotrophic vegetation of spring brooks

C2.1B

Eutrophic vegetation of spring brooks

C2.25

Acid oligotrophic vegetation of fast-flowing streams 

C2.26

Lime-rich oligotrophic vegetation of fast-flowing streams 

C2.27

Mesotrophic vegetation of fast-flowing streams 

C2.28

Eutrophic vegetation of fast-flowing streams  

C2.33

Mesotrophic vegetation of slow-flowing rivers 

C2.34

Eutrophic vegetation of slow-flowing rivers

C3.4

Species-poor beds of low-growing water-fringing or amphibious vegetation

C3.51

Euro-Siberian dwarf annual amphibious swards (but excluding C3.5131 Toad-rush swards)

C3.55

Sparsely vegetated river gravel banks

C3.62

Unvegetated river gravel banks

D

Mires, bogs and fens

D1.2

Blanket bogs

D2.226

Peri-Danubian black-white-star sedge fens

D2.3

Transition mires and quaking bogs

D3.1

Palsa mires

D3.2

Aapa mires

D3.3

Polygon mires

D4.1

Rich fens, including eutrophic tall-herb fens and calcareous flushes and soaks

D4.2

Basic mountain flushes and streamsides, with a rich arctic-montane flora

D5.2

Beds of large sedges normally without free-standing water

D6.1

Inland saltmarshes

D6.23

Interior Iberian salt pan meadows

E

Grasslands and lands dominated by forbs, mosses or lichens

E1.11

Euro-Siberian rock debris swards

E1.12

Euro-Siberian pioneer calcareous sand swards

E1.13

Continental dry rocky steppic grasslands and dwarf scrub on chalk outcrops

E1.2

Perennial calcareous grassland and basic steppes

E1.3

Mediterranean xeric grassland

E1.55

Eastern sub-Mediterranean dry grassland

E1.71

Nardus stricta swards

E1.722

Boreo-arctic Agrostis-Festuca grasslands

E1.83

Mediterraneo-montane Nardus stricta swards

E1.9

Open non-Mediterranean dry acid and neutral grassland, including inland dune grassland

E1.B

Heavy-metal grassland

E2.15

Macaronesian mesic grassland

E2.2

Low and medium altitude hay meadows

E2.3

Mountain hay meadows

E3.1

Mediterranean tall humid grassland

E3.3

Sub-mediterranean humid meadows

E3.4

Moist or wet eutropic and mesotrophic grassland

E3.5

Moist or wet oligotrophic grassland

E4.11

Boreo-alpine acidocline snow-patch grassland and herb habitats 

E4.12

Boreo-alpine calcicline snow-patch grassland and herb habitats 

E4.3

Acid alpine and subalpine grassland

E4.4

Calcareous alpine and subalpine grassland

E5.4

Moist or wet tall-herb and fern fringes and meadows

E5.5

Subalpine moist or wet tall-herb and fern stands

E6.1

Mediterranean inland salt steppes

E6.2

Continental inland salt steppes

E7.3

Dehesa

F

Heathland, scrub and tundra

F2.22

Alpide acidocline Rhododendron heaths

F2.26

Bruckenthalia heaths

F2.32

Subalpine and oroboreal Salix brush 

F2.336

Rhodope Potentilla fruticosa thickets 

F2.41

Inner Alpine Pinus mugo  scrub 

F2.42

Outer Alpine Pinus mugo scrub 

F2.43

Southwestern Pinus mugo scrub

F2.44

Apennine Pinus mugo scrub 

F2.45

Hercynian Pinus mugo scrub 

F3.12

Buxus sempervirens thickets 

F3.16

Juniperus communis scrub 

F3.21

Montane Cytisus purgans fields 

F3.241

Central European subcontinental thickets

F3.245

Eastern Mediterranean deciduous thickets

F3.247

Ponto-Sarmatic deciduous thickets

F4.1

Wet heaths

F4.2

Dry heaths

F4.3

Macaronesian heaths

F5.13

Juniper matorral

F5.171

Iberian arid zone Ziziphus matorral 

F5.18

Laurus nobilis matorral 

F5.516

Laurus thickets

F5.517

Coastal Helichrysum garrigues 

F5.51G

Tall spiny broom brush

F5.52

Euphorbia dendroides formations

F5.53

Ampelodesmos mauritanica -dominated garrigues

F5.54

Chamaerops humilis brush

F5.55

Mediterranean pre-desert scrub

F5.56

Thermo-Mediterranean broom fields (retamares)

F5.5B

Cabo de Sao Vicente brushes

F6.7

Mediterranean gypsum scrubs

F6.8

Xero-halophile scrubs

F7

Spiny Mediterranean heaths (phrygana, hedgehog-heaths and related coastal cliff vegetation)

F9.1

Riverine scrub

F9.3

Southern riparian galleries and thickets

G

Woodland, forest and other wooded land

G1.11

Riverine Salix woodland

G1.12

Boreo-alpine riparian galleries

G1.13

Southern Alnus and Betula galleries

G1.21

Riverine Fraxinus - Alnus woodland, wet at high but not at low water

G1.22

Mixed Quercus - Ulmus - Fraxinus woodland of great rivers

G1.3

Mediterranean riparian woodland

G1.4115

Eastern Carpathian Alnus glutinosa swamp woods

G1.414

Steppe swamp Alnus glutinosa woods

G1.44

Wet-ground woodland of the Black and Caspian Seas

G1.51

Sphagnum Betula woods

G1.6

Fagus woodland

G1.7

Thermophilous deciduous woodland

G1.8

Acidophilous Quercus-dominated woodland

G1.917

Oroboreal Betula woods and thickets 

G1.918

Eurasian boreal Betula  woods 

G1.925

Boreal Populus tremula woods 

G1.A1

Quercus - Fraxinus - Carpinus betulus woodland on eutrophic and mesotrophic soils

G1.A4

Ravine and slope woodland

G1.A7

Mixed deciduous woodland of the Black and Caspian Seas

G1.B3

Boreal and boreonemoral Alnus woods

G2

Broadleaved evergreen woodland

G3.134

Holy Cross fir forests

G3.15

Southern Apennine Abies alba forests

G3.16

Moesian Abies alba forests

G3.17

Balkano-Pontic Abies forests

G3.19

Abies pinsapo forests

G3.1B

Alpine and Carpathian subalpine Picea forests

G3.1C

Inner range montane Picea forests

G3.1D

Hercynian subalpine Picea forests

G3.1E

Southern European Picea abies forests

G3.1F

Enclave Picea abies forests

G3.1G

Picea omorika forests

G3.1H

Picea orientalis forests

G3.21

Eastern Alpine siliceous Larix and Pinus cembra forests

G3.22

Eastern Alpine calcicolous Larix and Pinus cembra forests

G3.25

Carpathian Larix and Pinus cembra forests

G3.26

Larix polonica forests

G3.31

Pinus uncinata forests with Rhododendron ferrugineum

G3.32

Xerocline Pinus uncinata forests

G3.41

Caledonian forest

G3.4232

Sarmatic steppe Pinus sylvestris forests

G3.4233

Carpathian steppe Pinus sylvestris woods

G3.4234

Pannonic steppe Pinus sylvestris woods

G3.43

Inner-Alpine Ononis steppe forests

G3.44

Spring heath Pinus sylvestris forests

G3.4C

Southeastern European Pinus sylvestris forests

G3.4E

Ponto-Caucasian Pinus sylvestris forests

G3.5

Pinus nigra woodland (but excluding G3.57 : Pinus nigra reforestation)

G3.6

Subalpine mediterranean Pinus woodland

G3.7

Lowland to montane mediterranean Pinus woodland (excluding Pinus nigra )

G3.8

Canary Island Pinus canariensis woodland

G3.9

Coniferous woodland dominated by Cupressaceae or Taxaceae

G3.A

Picea taiga woodland 

G3.B

Pinus taiga woodland

G3.D

Boreal bog conifer woodland

G3.E

Nemoral bog conifer woodland

H

Inland unvegetated or sparsely vegetated habitats

H1

Terrestrial underground caves, cave systems, passages and waterbodies 

H2.1

Cold siliceous screes

H2.2

Cold limestone screes

H2.3

Temperate-montane acid siliceous screes 

H2.4

Temperate-montane calcareous and ultra-basic screes 

H2.5

Acid siliceous screes of warm exposures

H2.6

Calcareous and ultra-basic screes of warm exposures

H3.1

Acid siliceous inland cliffs

H3.2

Basic and ultra-basic inland cliffs

H3.511

Limestone pavements

H4.2

Ice caps and true glaciers

H4.3

Rock glaciers and unvegetated ice-dominated moraines 

H6

Recent volcanic features

X

Habitat complexes

X01

Estuaries

X02

Saline coastal lagoons

X03

Brackish coastal lagoons

X04

Raised bog complexes

X09

Pasture woods (with a tree layer overlying pasture)

X18

Wooded steppe

X29

Salt lake islands

X35

Inland Sand Dunes