Strasbourg, 20 October 2008                                                              P-PG/CJ(2008)13rev1_en

9th MEETING OF THE

EXPERT FORUM ON CRIMINAL JUSTICE

2-3 October 2008

Cavtat, (Croatia)

REPORT


1.         Opening of the meeting, adoption of the agenda and introduction of the objective of the meeting

The Co-ordinator of the platform, Ms Lidija VUGRINEC (Croatia), opened the meeting and welcomed the participants to Cavtat (Croatia). The list of participants is set out in Appendix I.

The agenda was adopted as set out in Appendix II.

Ms Vugrinec also underlined the dual aim of the Criminal Justice meeting: Firstly, to have a presentation and debate on recidivism; further to explore the possibilities to continue work on quasi-coerced treatment and other alternatives to imprisonment and to report on the preparation of an activity on precursors. Finally, participants should reflect on future activities of the Criminal Justice platform.

2.         Activities on QCT and other alternatives to imprisonment with regard to

drug-dependent offenders

The item was discussed together with the Ethics Platform members. This part of the meeting was chaired by Mr Patrick Sansoy (France, Chair of the Ethics Platform). The participants of both platforms presented themselves briefly during a tour de table.

As the Chair underlined, the aim of this interdisciplinary meeting consisted in identifying - on the basis of the work undertaken by the Criminal Justice platform - issues to be discussed in the Ethical platform.

The discussion was introduced by a presentation of Mr Tim McSweeney on the recent activities undertaken by the Criminal Justice platform on the subject of quasi-coerced treatment and other alternatives to imprisonment. He presented in particular the results of a survey he conducted - on request of the platform members – on the existing national legal framework governing QCT.  The overview focuses on the following questions:

In his conclusions, the consultant stated that much more can be learnt about QCT practices and principles by drawing on the considerable experiences and knowledge accumulated between those countries having national legislation and/or guidelines on QCT. There is scope for further developing and refining some aspects of national guidance on QCT to ensure closer alignment with existing best practice principles – e.g. greater focus on reintegration and monitoring and evaluation.

In the ensuing debate, members of both platforms highlighted the enormous differences in the application of existing legislation and/or guidelines on QCT. These differences relate i.e. to a structural mistrust between law enforcement and public health officers. A way forward would be to determine indicators of success of QCT as alternative to imprisonment with regard to the fixed objectives (e.g. reduction of prison population, prevention of recidivism).


The following areas could be further explored:

-       How to collect evidence on the effectiveness of QCT?

-       How to compare the relative effectiveness of QCT to imprisonment, also with regard to successful re-integration?

-       How to assess the cost-effectiveness of QCT programmes, in particular residential treatment?

-       How to address the confidentiality problem?

-       Which elements to be covered in the agreement between client and criminal justice system?

-       How to determine the consequences of non-compliance with the treatment provisions?

Participants agreed:

- to invite 2-3 delegations (e.g. France, Cyprus, Croatia, United Kingdom) to make presentations highlighting the differences and approximation of perceptions of QCT from a law enforcement and a public health point of view; for this purpose it would be desirable to have representatives of the public health system as part of the delegations concerned present at the 10th CJ platform meeting;

- to launch a call to member States to submit descriptions and evaluations of existing QCT-pilot projects in their countries with a view to drawing up a list of positive examples;

- to establish a database with national contact persons on QCT, possibly in cooperation with the EMCDDA.

3.         Public awareness and perception with regard to QCT and other alternatives to

imprisonment

Participants agreed to create an open-ended working party on a QCT communication strategy. This working party, comprising the representatives from Romania, Norway, Cyprus, Croatia and the consultant, Tim McSweeney, would meet in the margin of the next CJ platform meeting.

4.         Recidivism

           

The debate was introduced by a presentation of Mr Johnny Connolly on recidivism In the Republic of Ireland – lessons for international research. The consultant defined recidivism as re-entry in the criminal justice system, i.e. re-offending, re-arrest, re-conviction or re-imprisonment. The objectives of work on the subject of recidivism constitute the need to address the revolving door syndrome, the need to determine which sentences are effective, the need to measure relative cost-effectiveness of imprisonment and alternatives, the need to learn about effective re-integration, etc. Recently research has become more feasible by the automation of police, judicial and prison data collection. International research could facilitate the identification of recidivism patterns across different socio-cultural contexts and to better analyse the link between drugs and crime. Mr Connolly advocated more cooperation between the Criminal Justice platform and existing international research activities (Dutch study (ongoing) and an international working group working on a common standard for cross-national comparisons). 

In the discussion, reference was made to an Australian study on recidivism. It was underlined that more information is needed on existing data on re-offending.

Participants agreed to instruct the Secretariat in cooperation with Mr. Johnny Connolly to get in touch with the persons responsible for the Dutch study and to invite them to make a presentation at the 10th CJ platform meeting.


5.         Precursors

Participants were informed about the draft programme of the conference on back-tracking, collection of evidence, sanctions and prevention in the area of precursor trafficking (see Appendix III) and took note of the need to assist the Secretariat in the identification of speakers. Participants agreed that the invitations should also be distributed to the members of the Airports Group.

Participants welcomed the invitation of Romania to host this conference, which is scheduled for 26/27 March 2009.

6.         Any other business

7.         Date of the next meeting of the Criminal Justice Platform

It was decided to schedule the 10th Criminal Justice platform meeting for 23/24 April 2009 – provided that a meeting room will be available.


APPENDIX I

PROVISIONAL LIST OF PARTICIPANTS

9th Meeting of the Expert Forum on Criminal Justice

Dubrovnik (Croatia), 2-3 October 2008

LISTE PROVISOIRE DES PARTICIPANTS REVISE

9e Réunion du Forum d’experts sur la justice pénale

Dubrovnik (Croatie), 2-3 octobre 2008

Platform Coordinator / Coordinateur de la plate-forme

Mrs Lidija VUGRINEC

Head of National Focal Point and International Relations

Office for Combating Narcotic Drugs Abuse

Preobrazenska 4/II

10000 ZAGREB

E

Tel: +385 1 48 78 128

Fax: +385 1 48 78 120

lidija.vugrinec@uredzadroge.hr

Consultant / Consultante

Mr Tim McSWEENEY

Senior Research Fellow

Institute for Criminal Policy Research

King’s College London

26-29 Drury Lane

LONDON WC2B 5RL

E

Tel: +44 (0)207 848 1757

Fax: +44 (0)207 848 1770

tim.mcsweeney@kcl.ac.uk

Speaker / Orateur

Mr Johnny CONNOLLY

Research Officer

Drug Misuse Research Division

Health Research Board

Third Floor

Knockmaun House

42-47 Lower Mount Street

IRL- DUBLIN 2

E

Tel: +353 16761176

Fax: +353 16618567

jconnolly@hrb.ie

Belgium / Belgique

Mr Freddy GAZAN

Conseiller general adjoint a la politique criminelle

Service Publique Federale Justice

Service de la Politique Criminelle

Avenue de la Porte de Hal 5

1060 Bruxellles

BELGIQUE

E

Tel :  32 2 542 74 36

Fax : 32 2 542 7444

Freddy.gazan@just.fgov.be

Bosnia and Herzegovina / Bosnie-Herzergovine

Mrs Natalija MILOVANOVIC, MD, MA

Senior Coordinator for the Development of Monitoring and Evaluation System in Health

Ministry of Health and Social Welfare of Republic of Srpska

Trg Republike Srpske 1

78 000 Banja Luka

Bosnia and Herzegovina

E

Tel. +387 51 339 452

Fax. +387 51 339 652

n.milovanovic@mzsz.vladars.net

Bulgary/Bulgarie

Mr Emil GRASHNOV

Lagera 37a

BG – 1612 SOFIA

E

Tel: +359 88 750 82 04

Fax: +359 (2) 832 91 45

dr.emo@mail.bg

Croatia / Croatie

Dr Ksenija BUTORAC

Prisoners and Juveniles Treatment Department

Head of Department

Ministry of Justice

Prison Administration

Petrinjska 12

HR-10 000  ZAGREB

E

Tel: +385 (1) 4807 469

Fax: +385 (1) 4818 576

ksenija.butorac@uzs.pravosudje.hr

Mr. Tihomor KRALJ

Head of Drugs Department, Ministry of the

Interior

Ilica 335

HR-10 000 ZAGREB

E

Tel: +385 13788 188

droga@mup.hr

Mr. Zeljko PETKOVIC

Detective Chief Police Inspector

Drugs Department

Ministry of the Interior

Ilica 335

HR-10 000 ZAGREB

E

Tel: +385 1 3788 783

zpetkovic@mup.hr

Cyprus/Chypre

Mrs Theano MAVROMOUSTAKI

Counsel Of The Republic Of Cyprus A’

Attorney General’s Office

1 Apelli Street

Ayioi Omologites

CYPRUS

E

Tel: 0035722889100

Fax: 00357722665080

tmavromoustaki@law.gov.cy

Mr Theofanis GEORGIOU

Police Officer

Head of the international cooperation and EU office, drug and law enforcement unit – Cyprus police

Cyprus Anti-drugs Council

15 Sofocleous Str., Aglantzia

2121 Nicosia

CYPRUS

E

Tel.: +357 22 60 73 78

Fax: +357 22 60 73 77

tgeorgiou@police.gov.cy

France

Mrs Sylvie VELLA

Chargee de mission protection judiciaire de la jeunesse

MILDT

7, rue Saint Georges

75009 Paris

FRANCE

F

Tel: +33 1 44 63 20 54

Fax: +33 01 44 63 21 01

Sylvie.vella@mildt.premier-ministre.gouv.fr

Greece / Grece

Ms Mata MARKELLOU

Legal Advisor of the Greek Organization against drugs (OKANA)

21 Averof Street

10433 Athens

GREECE

E

Tel: 210 5200700

markellou@okana.gr

Lithuania/Lituanie

Ms Marina GUSAUSKIENE

Chief Expert of the Criminal Law Division of the

Department of Criminal Justice

Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Lithuania

Gedimino ave 30/1

Vilnius

LITHUANIA

E

Tel: +(85) 266.28.79

m.gusauskiene@tm.lt

Mrs Irina DUBINIENE

Police Department under the Minsitry of the Interior

Criminal Police Board

Activity Organization Unit

Chief Specialist – Commissioner

Saltoniskiu st. 19

VILNIUS LT-08105

E

Tel: +370 (5) 271 99 71

Fax: +370 (5) 271 99 71

Irina.dubiniene@vrm.lt

Irina.dubiniene@takas.lt

Norway / Norvege

Mr Rune FJELD

Senior Adviser – Ministry of Justice and Police

Correction Services Department

P.O Box 8005 Dep

NO 0030 OSLO Norway

E

Tel: +47 22 24 55 64

Fax: +47 22 24 55 90

rune.fjeld@jd.dep.no

Mr Lars MELING

Senior Adviser - Ministry of Justice and Police

Correction Services Department

PO Box 8005 Dep

0030  OSLO Norway

E

Tel: +47 22 245 313

Fax: +47 22 249 530

lars.meling@jd.dep.no

Poland / Pologne

Mr Krzysztof WILAMOWSKI

Lawyer

Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights

11 Zgoda St.

00-018 Warsaw

POLAND

E

Tel : +48 606 744 015

Fax: +48 12 645 64 71

k_wilamowski@o2.pl

Romania / Roumanie

Miss Paula Stefania FRUSINOIU

Adviser to the President of Romanian National

Anti-Drug Agency

37 Unirii Boulevard A4

Ground Floor

3rd District

030823 BUCHAREST

ROMANIA

E

Tel: +40 21 318 44 00

Fax: +40 21 316 67 27

Paula.frusinoiu@ana.gov.ro

San Marino

Prof Sebastiano BASTIANELLI

Director

UOC Salute Mentale

Via La Toscana 1

47893 CAILUNGO

SAN MARINO

E

Tel: +39 335309946

Fax : +378 0549994736

sebastiano.bastianelli@iss.sm

United Kingdom / Royaume Uni

Mr James MARMION

Drugs Section International Directorate

Home Office

5th Floor Fry

2 Marsham Street

LONDON SW1P 4DF

E

Tel: +44 870 336 9070

Fax:  +44 870 336 9070

James.marmion@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

EMCDDA

Ms Margareta NILSON

Head of unit

EMCDDA

Rua Cruz de Sta Apolónia, 23-25

1149-045 Lisboa

PORTUGAL

E

Tel: +351-218113007

Fax:+351-213584440

margareta.nilson@emcdda.europa.eu

Pompidou Group / Groupe Pompidou

Mr Chris LUCKETT

Executive Secretary

E/F

Tel: +33 3 88 41 21 93

christopher.luckett@coe.int

Ms Eva KOPROLIN

E/F

Tel: +33 3 88 41 29.24

Eva.koprolin@coe.int

Ms Audrey TUMULTY

E/F

Tel: +33 3 88 41 35 61

Audrey.tumulty@coe.int

Pompidou Group

Council of Europe

F – 67075 Strasbourg Cedex

Web site: http://www.pompidou.int

Fax: +33 3 88 41 27 85

Interpreters / Interprètes

Mme Claudine PIERSON

 

pierson.claudine@wanadoo.fr

Mme Claude JEAN-ALEXIS

cjean-alexis@wanadoo.fr


APPENDIX II

AGENDA

1.         Opening of the meeting, adoption of the agenda and introduction of the objective of the meeting

Introduction of the participants

Information given by the Co-ordinator and the Secretariat

2.         Activities on QCT and other alternatives to imprisonment with regard to

drug-dependent offenders

            Discussion to be held together with the Ethics Platform members

-       Presentation of the analysis of the replies to the QCT questionnaire by Tim McSweeney

-       Presentation of successful national projects on alternatives to imprisonment by delegations 

-       Identification of legal problems in the application of QCT legal regulations: contribution from delegations

-       Identification of ethical problems in the application of QCT: contributions from delegations.

3.         Public awareness and perception with regard to QCT and other alternatives to

imprisonment

            Discussion among delegations in view of defining a future activity on the subject

4.         Recidivism

            Presentation on findings of a recent Irish study in relation to existing international   literature on recidivism by Johnny Connolly

            Tour de table on national concepts of and approaches with regard to drug-related recidivism

5.         Precursors

            The Co-ordinator will inform the participants of the results of the preparatory meeting        in view of defining the scope of the planned conference

6.         Any other business

7.         Date of the next meeting of the Criminal Justice Platform


APPENDIX III

CONFERENCE ON BACK-TRACKING, COLLECTION OF EVIDENCE, SANCTIONS AND PREVENTION IN THE AREA OF PRECURSOR TRAFFICKING

AGENDA

Wednesday 25 March 2009

14.00

Opening of the conference by ………

14.20

Introduction

“Definition and the general context of trafficking in drug precursors – substances and narcotics concerned, diversion risks, rules and regulations”

Presentation by Mr Cees J.W.M. Van Spierenburg, National Public Prosecutor for Synthetic Drugs & Precursors, (Netherlands)

“How to address the problem of trafficking in drug precursors from INCB perspective”

Presentation by Mr Rossen Popov, Chief Precursors Control Section, INCB (International Narcotics Control Board)

“Prevention of diversion of drug precursors, mutual assistance and international cooperation”

Presentation by………, OLAF (European Anti-Fraud Office)

“The problem of drug precursor trafficking and joint operational activities in Europol framework”

Presentation by  ………….. , EUROPOL

15.45

Coffee break

16.15

The role of the chemical and pharmaceutical industry in preventing diversion of drug precursors: authorisation, monitoring of exports, implementation of guidelines and regulations, cooperation with national law enforcement agencies

Presentation by Mr Karlheinz Schnaegelberger, Senior Director, EQ-E Export Control & Customs Regulation, CEFIC (European Chemical Industry Council)

Presentations by representatives of the industry from Russia, Germany (…………….)

Debate

18.00

End of day

Thursday 26 March 2009

9.30

"Legal possibilities to investigate the case of precursor trafficking, evidence collection and modalities to use the investigation results and the collected evidence for

a) prevention of precursor trafficking in the future and

b) the prosecution of the case"

Presentation of 3 case studies from Portugal (by Mr Carlos Saraiva Gonçalves), Russia (by ………… and Turkey (by …………)

Debate on the basis of a list of questions prepared by Mr Theo Krijger, (Netherlands)

11.00

Coffee break

11.30

Debate continued

12.00

"The benefits of backtracking"

Presentation by …………., (Netherlands)

13.00

Lunch break

14.30

Precursor shipments, controlled deliveries and backtracking investigations

Presentations by:

Mr René Karstens Investigating Officer, Federal Police, (Switzerland) and

Mr Joe Kipp, Drug Enforcement Administration (USA), Bern (Switzerland)

Mr Werner Verbruggen, GCP, Head Unit Operations - Central Drugs Unit, Belgian Federal Police, (Belgium)

Portugal/France

Debate

15.45

Coffee break

16.15

Chemical markers in drug precursors

Presentation by ………, (Russia)

17.00

Conclusions presented by the Rapporteur, Mr René Karstens

Debate

18.00

End of day